Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Nanoparticles
Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nanoparticles are ferroelectric materials with the highest coupling coefficient between their mechanical and electrical properties. PZR nanoparticles exist as morphotropic phase boundary at molar ratio fraction values of 0.4 to 0.6 which is related to the compositional homogeneity and their processing settings. The Lead zirconate nanoparticles are the most common piezoelectric ceramic due to their remarkable electrochemical properties. The quality and performance of PZT ceramics rely in their structure at micron scale that can be designed through controlling the processing procedures. Moreover, they are broadly used in micro electrochemical systems because of their piezoelectric properties and other properties like hardness, corrosion resistivity and heat resistance. The use of PZT sol and ceramics results in a composite system with numerous advantages like the reduction in the shrinkage and sintering temperature. Lead zirconate titanate thin films made by ferroelectric materials is getting a growing attention with applications in electronic and optical devices, actuators, sensors and memory devices.