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What are Bi(Bismuth),Bi2O3(Bismuth Oxide) and Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles/Nanopowder ? Very interesting materials...

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Bismuth has a high electrical resistance, and has the highest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field. Bismuth is a Block P, Period 6 element, while oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element

Bismuth Crystal

Image Retrieved From: http://www.0wikipedia.org/index.php?q=aHR0cHM6Ly9...

Bismuth oxide is a well known transition metal oxide and it intensively studies due to the thermal and electrical transport properties.

Bismuth oxide as a component finds use in wide applications in varistors, catalyst and gas sensors. Bi2O3 exhibits the highest ion conductivity of all oxide ion conductors. Bi2O3 is an advanced functional material with potential applications such as functional electronic material, burning rate catalyst, photocatalytic decomposition material, optical material, medical composite material and anti-radiative material. Bi2O3 is also used as an additive in paints Among various applications, Bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) arouses increasing attentions as a photocatalyst over the last few years.

Bismuth oxide can be different forms such as bismuth oxide nanoparticles, bismuth oxide nanostructures and bismuth oxide thin films. Bismuth oxide nanoparticles appear as yellow powder, and are graded as an irritant and might cause skin, eye, and respiratory irritations.

Production of Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles:

Bismuth oxide nanoparticles can easily synthesize from a solution of bismuth nitrate pentahydrate (Bi(NO3)35H2O) in ethylene glycol by a hydrolysis solvothermal route at temperatures of 120-1500C. Bi2O3 nanoparticles will be the cubic phase structure.

Characterization of Bismuth oxide nanoparticles

X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy can be used to characterize the Bismuth oxide nanoparticles

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