Nanocellulose is the newest form of cellulose which is the most common natural polymer on earth. These new biobased nanomaterials with excellent properties have attracted much attention in recent years. There are many areas that nanocelluloses are used for. We all know about paper production but except paper production, nanocelluloses are used for;
- Food Industry
Nanocellulose can be used as low-calorie products in the production of foods such as pastes, sauces, wafers, pudding, chips, etc., instead of many carbohydrate products currently in use. Nanocellulose gels have been used frequently in this sector in recent years due to their rheological properties.
- Hygiene and Absorbent Products
Nanocellulose is used in this sector together with the superabsorbent polymers, due to their water-absorbing properties. Nanocellulose can be used in the production of incontinence pads in many areas such as adult glands, wet wipes, disposable towels, disposable slippers and shoes, surgical gowns, masks, caps, surgical covers, stretcher covers, collar seals, carpets and drainage systems.
- Medicine, Cosmetics and Pharmaceutical Industry
In pharmacy, powdered nanocelluloses are used as auxiliary materials. In cosmetics industry, it is used in the production of hair, eyelashes, eyebrows and nail dyes from nanocelluloses. In addition, BNCs (bacterial nanocellulose) have a high degree of hydration of 99%, so they can be used in the production of moisturizing creams. BNCs can also be used in nano-implant production, in the production of bandages, tissues, hydrogel and some other materials.
- Foam Production
Nanocellulose can be used to obtain airgel or foam. It is observed that studies on the evaluation of nanocellulose based foams in the packaging area instead of polystyrene based foams are continuing.
- Other areas
Nanocellulose can be used in the active dissolution of cellulose in different solvents and in the production of tobacco filters. In addition, cellulose nanocrystals have piezoelectric properties compared to quartz and also have photonic properties. Thus, nanocellulose may also be present in the use of batteries, super capacitors, bioplastics, electronics, as well as in the use of structural materials, films or coatings in composites.